Central sleep apnea (CSA), describes breathing which stops because the muscles involved don't receive the proper signal from the brain.
The most common form of sleep apnea is called obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and occurs due to a physical blockage, usually the collapsing of the soft tissue in the back of the throat.
Mixed/complex sleep apnea is a combination of CSA and OSA.
Loud snorers may have a serious case of blocked air passages, known as obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). In these cases, the blockage of air is so great that no air can get through, causing repeated awakenings throughout the night. Obstructive sleep apnea can contribute or lead to many other conditions, such as high blood pressure, stroke, heart attack and depression, so it is important to be diagnosed by a medical professional if you experience any sleep-related symptoms.
Choking sounds during sleep
Headaches upon waking
Sleeping / drowsiness during the day
More common in males
More common in adults over 40
Smoking / Drinking / Medication
High blood pressure
Fatigue can cause problems at work or school
Fatigue inhibits your ability to operate a car
Causes general grumpiness
Can lead to high blood pressure
Can lead to stroke
Can cause heart failure
Can lead to complications with sedation for medical procedures
Treatments for sleep apnea vary widely depending on the severity and type of sleep apnea a person suffers from. Suggested treatments can include:
Quitting smoking / drinking
Eating healthy and controlling blood pressure
Sleeping on your side
Surgery in extreme cases